While painting your home, office, or business complex, it is very important to choose the right kind of paint. A wrong choice is equivalent to wastage of money and time. It is understandable that for starters, it becomes somewhat difficult and confusing to decide on the paint type. Hence a basic knowledge of the various types of paint might be of great help.
Choosing the right paint depends on what is to be painted, its purpose and the kind of finish you want. This is a rough determinant of the amount of money you have to spend and the kind of end product that you will get.
Paints that are of excellent quality provide superior coverage, do last longer than usual and are easier to get rid of compared to cheap paints. Buying the best in the market, even if it will cost more, will get your money's worth in the long run. We have compiled a simple-detailed article to ease your decision making
1. Flat Paints
You will find that these do not have reflective properties, and many would consider them to be quite boring. They are however quite cheap, and if you are dealing with a room that will not see much traffic overall, then it might be in your best interest to use a paint of this type. This is also good for ceilings, and if you have a low traffic home, then these paints might work for your walls as well.
-Porous and permeable
-It is not resistant to water (dissolves)
-Prone to the formation of molds due to moisture and condensation
-Interior surfaces (walls or ceilings)
2. Plastic paints
These are water-based paint that uses a type of acrylic or plastic resins as a binder. They are found in a variety of colors and can be dyed with dyes such as universal toners. It is quick drying and easy to apply. Its most common use is done by brush or roller
-Good adhesion even on surfaces already painted.
-Good resistance to washing and weather
-Good color stability due to the sun.
-Weak odor when preparing and applying it
-Resistant to cement alkalis.
-It should not be applied at temperatures below 5ºC because water may freeze.
-It may require priming (high viscosity which reduces penetration capacity).
-Not applicable on metals, unless an antioxidant is applied
-Interior and exterior
-On any type of support, properly prepared:
-Plaster, cement and its derivatives
-Previous wood primer
-Metal surfaces prepared with antioxidant paint
-Suitable for non-professionals due to its easy application
3. Satin paints
Satin paints can easily washed as compared to flat paints which are harder to scrub dirt and dust off without rubbing the dirt in further. Usually used in the bathrooms, kitchens and laundry areas given that its resistance to moisture is higher than other the types.
- satin paints are easy to clean
- Satin paints do not reflect light as much, glazes can hide imperfections in the surface of the wall.
- Ideal for small spaces such as a bedroom or bathrooms.
- Has great adhesion properties.
-They can amplify imperfections in the wall, such as the recent plaster patch, cracks or uneven paint.
-Satin finishes are most often used in upholstery, blinds, window sills and other areas of the home that have woodwork installed, such as crown molding.
-Can painted in the living room or walls of the children's rooms, where frequent cleaning is required.
4. Semi-Gloss paint
If you're looking for a durable paint then you need look no further than semi gloss. These paints are not easy to crack, which will come as a relief, and you will also find that they can last for several years. It would be a good idea to use this paint in a room that will see a lot of action whether it comes from wild children or from corrosive material
- Have a bright and shiny appearance that illuminates the entire room.
- Perfect for doors and trim
- It offers the ease of cleaning (you just wipe it down with a damp sponge or cloth)
- Since semi-gloss finishes have a heavier gloss to the surface, differences in gloss, streaks in the paint or imperfections under the retouched area will be shown throughout the painted surface.
- Semi-gloss finishes are also common in seat and castings, but are often recommended specifically for bathroom and kitchen walls
- Its also suitable for for the walls of corridors and highly frequented areas.
5. Acrylic Paints
These water based paints are commonly applied for your house's ceilings and walls. Acrylic paints are soluble with water, but once they are dried up, they are absolutely water resistant and cannot be tarnished by water damage.
Depending upon the composition of the acrylic painting materials, they can represent the properties seen among art made of watercolors or oil paints.
The property or luster effect of acrylic paints vary greatly according to their dilution with water or application of acrylic gels. These may resemble watercolors or oil paints or may even bring out certain unique characteristics of the acrylic painting itself, which would not be available using any other media.
-Good stability to atmospheric agents
-Resistant in aggressive chemical environments
-Good friction resistance
-Easy application (roller, brush or gun) and quick drying
-Low resistance to solvents and oils derived from petroleum
-Low resistance to alkalis (necessary to apply a sealer)
-Any surface, both indoors and outdoors
-Decoration of the facades
7. Oil based paints
Oil based paint is a type of paint that is generally used for windows and doors since it does not wear down easily. In contrast, characterizing the level of smell an oil based paint has, is stronger compared to other types. Drying time is longer than usual as well. Oil based paints also require thinners or mineral turps when cleaning up.
- Great flexibility and penetration power.
- Protects steel in aggressive and low humidity environments.
-Effective thanks to its moisturizing and penetrating properties
-Slow drying, especially in cold weather.
-Low resistance to acids, alkalis and water.
-Its stability depends largely on the pigments used, the colors
-dark are more resistant than clear ones.
-Its use is limited to the anticorrosive primer of metals
-It can be used on other surfaces: plaster, cement, wood and steel, both outdoors (more oil) and indoors.